Botanický ústav AV

Relative performance of customized and universal probe sets in target enrichment: A case study in subtribe Malinae

Napsal uživatel vojta dne Po, 07/26/2021 - 12:46

Custom probe design for target enrichment in phylogenetics is tedious and often hinders broader phylogenetic synthesis. The universal angiosperm probe set Angiosperms353 may be the solution. Here, we test the relative performance of Angiosperms353 on the Rosaceae subtribe Malinae in comparison with custom probes that we specifically designed for this clade. We then address the impact of bioinformatically altering the performance of Angiosperms353 by replacing the original probe sequences with orthologs extracted from the Malus domestica genome.

Taraxacum mirabile, an enigmatic sexual halophilous endemic dandelion, represents a new section

Taraxacum mirabile Wagenitz (Asteraceae, Cichorieae, Crepidinae), a remarkable but taxonomically unexplored endemic species of Central Anatolia, is examined in detail. It is shown to be a sexually reproducing diploid (2n=16) species. It used to be included in Taraxacum sect. Orientalia in the literature. However, the nrDNA analysis revealed that T. mirabile is remote from that section.

vojta Po, 03/15/2021 - 15:26
STRUCTURE multi PBS Pro scripts

Set of scripts to run STRUCTURE in parallel on computing grids like MetaCentrum. Scripts are designed for grids and clusters using PBS Pro, but can be easily adopted for another queue system.

vojta Čt, 02/25/2021 - 17:24
Parallel Alpine Differentiation in Arabidopsis arenosa

Parallel evolution provides powerful natural experiments for studying repeatability of evolution and genomic basis of adaptation. Well-documented examples from plants are, however, still rare, as are inquiries of mechanisms driving convergence in some traits while divergence in others. Arabidopsis arenosa, a predominantly foothill species with scattered morphologically distinct alpine occurrences is a promising candidate. Yet, the hypothesis of parallelism remained untested.

vojta Út, 12/29/2020 - 11:12
Low genetic differentiation despite high fragmentation in the endemic serpentinophyte Minuartia smejkalii (M. verna agg., Caryophyllaceae) revealed by RADSeq SNP markers

Minuartia smejkalii is an obligate serpentinophyte plant endemic to the Czech Republic. Since the 1960s, the species’ habitat has undergone strong human-mediated fragmentation, resulting in extinction of some populations and dramatic size reduction of the remaining populations. Thus, contrary to the typically stable serpentine habitats, M. smejkalii habitats underwent a recent and severe decline, which can exacerbate the effects of fragmentation on population genetic structure. We examined the genetic structure of all known M.

vojta Po, 01/13/2020 - 10:46

Analysis of wild Taraxacum bicorne Dahlst. (Compositae–Crepidinae) as a potential alternative natural rubber crop

Napsal uživatel vojta dne St, 05/29/2019 - 14:36

Taraxacum koksaghyz Rodin, a dandelion from the steppes of south-eastern Kazakhstan, has been known for long time as potential rubber producer, as a temperate region alternative to the tropical rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.. In this work, we evaluate Taraxacum bicorne Dahlst. (wild populations), a closely related congener of T. koksaghyz.

Taxonomické principy, reprodukční systémy, populační genetika a vztahy mezi vybranými skupinami rodu Taraxacum (Asteraceae)

Napsal uživatel vojta dne St, 11/21/2018 - 16:55

Rod Taraxacum (pampeliška, hvězdnicovité), mající ∼60 sekcí a 2 druhů, je známý pro své komplikované evoluční vztahy a taxonomii díky procesům jako je častá hybridizace, polyploidizace, nepohlavní rozmnožování, klonalita a nízká strukturální morfologická variabilita. Různé taxonomické koncepty a přístupy jsou v práci představeny, diskutovány a zhodnoceny z pohledu jejich schopnosti poradit si s tak komplikovaným rodem jako je Taraxacum. Různé procesy zodpovědné za tuto komplikovanou situaci v rámci pampelišek jsou diskutovány. Sekce Dioszegia, obsahující p. pozdní (T.

Hunting the treasure of Cape Oxalis diversity

Poster presented at Botany 2018 conference of the Botanical Society of America titled Hunting the treasure of Cape Oxalis diversity (Zeisek, Oberlander, Dreyer, Schmickl, Schneeweiss):

vojta Čt, 08/02/2018 - 14:30
Diploids of the Valeriana officinalis group (Valerianaceae) in Central Europe, and an attempt to unravel the nomenclatural chaos

Diploid populations of Valeriana officinalis L. (Valerianaceae) in Central Europe exhibit an extensive variation, with two conspicuous morphotypes. One, corresponding to the lectotype of V. officinalis, is larger, with broader, distinctly dentate leaflets, the other is in many respects similar to V. pratensis Dierb. and V. stolonifera ­Czern., but is glabrous, with narrow, usually entire leaflets. The two forms also differ in their ecological optimum and in geographical distribution, but are linked with numerous intermediates.

vojta Pá, 10/27/2017 - 10:11

Taraxacum sect. Orientalia (Compositae-Crepidinae) and the West Himalayan dandelions: A new interpretation

Napsal uživatel vojta dne Čt, 08/10/2017 - 11:30

The Taraxacum flora of the West Himalaya represents one of the dandelion diversity hotspots, with at least 17 sections and about 150 known species. A number of names published from that region were referred to T. sect. Orientalia Handel-Mazzetti in the literature. All these names are revised and newly interpreted, with emphasis on plants erroneously determined as T. stenolepium. The revision is based on both older herbarium collections and a new material from expeditions of the late L. Klimeš. A new section, T. sect.